Addressing skills shortages critical to the future of UK science
The UK must plug an increasing number of science skills gaps to maintain its world-leading position for medicines and vaccines research and development, says the Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry (ABPI).
The UK is falling behind Europe and the rest of the world in terms of numbers of students studying many STEM subjects vital for discovering the advanced treatments and technologies of the future.
The ABPI warns that these highly-skilled scientific roles – vital to the UK’s successful pharmaceutical and biotech sectors – could move to other parts of the world if the situation is not addressed as a matter of urgency.
Despite the number of UK undergraduates studying STEM subjects increasing by 16% over the last decade (compared to an overall increase across all subjects of 13%) undergraduate numbers for EU students increased by 52% and non-EU students (worldwide) increased by 63%.
The figures come from the ABPI’s latest biennial survey of member pharmaceutical companies, looking at the challenges of recruiting suitably qualified and experienced staff. Bridging the skills gap in the biopharmaceutical industry (2019).
The new evidence comes as the UK seeks to protect its position as a hub for global life-sciences as it leaves the European Union. Along with the skills shortages, respondents identified Brexit as the most critical threat to job growth in the UK, in an industry which invests significantly more in R&D than any other sector.
The report shows areas of significant concern, as identified by over 30 companies:
- Genomics – sequencing and analysis of the human genome to understand how to develop new treatments for diseases
- Immunology – the study of disease caused by disorders of the immune system, vital for the protection of infectious diseases.
- Bioinformatics and Chemoinformatics – the science of using software tools to understand biological and chemical data to help develop new treatments
- Clinical pharmacology – experts working at the cutting edge of real-world data and clinical trials to help maximize the positive effects of a medicine and minimize the unwanted side effects.
To help future proof the UK’s medicines R&D workforce, the ABPI is:
- Working with allied organisations, including the British Science Association, to inspire more young people to pursue STEM careers, such as through the content we are delivering to support a new government-funded competition for young people.
- Recommending to the Home Office that Clinical Pharmacology be added to the shortage occupation list, and that the Home Office review the shortage occupation list more frequently to be able to react quickly to the fast-moving science landscape.
- Actively involved in the development of standards for a new high-level Clinical Pharmacology Scientist apprenticeship.
The pharmaceutical industry remains by far the industry with the highest investment in R&D in the UK at £4.1 billion per year (in 2016), but this fell 22 per cent in real terms between 2011 and 2016 – the most recent figures available. The UK pharmaceutical industry currently employs 63,000 – down from 70,000 in 2015 – with 24,000 devoted to R&D. Apprenticeships in the pharmaceutical industry are up 169 per cent since 2013.
Sheuli Porkess, Deputy Chief Scientific Officer at the ABPI, said: “The Government has set out ambitious targets for increased R&D spend in the UK – including by business – but for this to succeed we must have access to highly skilled people.
UK science and academia are the envy of the world and the we are vying to be Europe’s premier biotech cluster and second only to the US. But we are seeing a decline in R&D investment. If we don’t address the skills shortages our status as a world-leading R&D hub we may see even more research – and with it highly skilled jobs – move abroad. This would be bad news for NHS patients and the UK economy.
Andrew Miles, UK General Manager and SVP UK and Ireland Pharmaceuticals, GSK said: “The pace of medicines development is faster than ever before, and the skills required are complex and often overlap. Scientists of today need to be able to integrate computer skills with biological and chemical skills. The future of medicines development is exciting and we want young people in the UK to be equipped to lead this work, alongside other countries such as Germany, France and China who are all making strides in developing advanced treatments and technologies for patients.”
Dr Anna Zecharia, Director of Policy at the British Pharmacological Society said: “We have long been concerned by the skills gap in clinical pharmacology, as identified in the ABPI’s report. These skills are crucial for leading research and clinical trials, and for ensuring the best healthcare for patients. As a sector, we must work to raise the profile of this high-level and exciting career and make potential candidates aware of the many opportunities available to them. At a global level, attracting and nurturing highly skilled candidates will support the UK in consolidating its ambitions is a leader in the life sciences”
Helen Tomkinson, Quantitative Clinical Pharmacology Lead, Oncology at AstraZeneca: “Clinical pharmacology is one of the most rewarding careers there is in life sciences. Whether it’s investigating new ways to treat cancer or finding out how different people respond to the same treatment, the work you do makes a real difference to people’s lives. After more 20 years in this field, I would thoroughly recommend clinical pharmacology to any young scientist considering which field to specialise in.”
Alex Felthouse, Science Industry Partnership (SIP) Board member Managing Director of Eisai Manufacturing Ltd said: “The Science Industry Partnership is delighted to welcome the ABPI’s updated Skills Survey report, providing the sector with further evidence on skills, as it prepares for a future outside the EU. The SIP looks forward to collaborating with the ABPI and the BioIndustry Association (BIA), to responding with a ground-breaking Life Sciences 2030 Skills Strategy.
This will build a clear evidence base of the status of life science skills and future scenarios to 2030, focusing on medicines manufacturing and advanced therapies as well as emerging technologies, such as Artificial Intelligence.”
Professor Arne Akbar, President of the British Society for Immunology, said: “Immunology is an exciting growth area that covers some of most innovative research with real potential to transform diagnostics, treatments and preventative measures that we are able to offer patients. The UK ranks first amongst the G7 nations for our research in immunity and infectious disease, but we can only maintain this strength if we have the skills in our workforce to allow this pioneering work to proceed.